The Passive House concept evolved from the Low Energy House, which lowered energy consumption by improving the insulation and air tightness of a home. Mechanical ventilation and heat recovery were added to reach the Passive House standard.
The Passive House Institute in Germany was founded in 1996 as a research / consulting firm to assist architects and engineers in the planning and designing of passive homes. Refer to their website at www.passiv.de (click on English flag) for a comprehensive overview of the Passiv House concept.
On January 31, 2008, the European Parliament called on the European Commission to propose a binding requirement that all new buildings needing to be heated and/or cooled be constructed to passive house or equivalent non-residential standards from 2011 onwards, and a requirement to use passive heating and cooling solutions from 2008.
A consortium of European partners, supported by The European Commission, is promoting the Passive House Standard because it has been demonstrated, through projects similar to CEPHEUS, that cost effective, non renewable energy savings is not only possible but also realistic. PEP, which stands for Promotion of European Passive Houses was established to promote this standard. Refer to www.Europeanpassivehouses.org
European embedding of passive house PDF
Promotion of European passive houses PDF
The Passive House Institute US, PHIUS was established in Urbana, Illinois to further promote the implementation of Passive House standards and techniques throughout the USA. Refer to www.passivehouse.us for additional information. In the near future, member alliances will be established throughout the USA.